Agreement Between States Pact

In the United States, an intergovernmental pact is a pact or agreement between two or more states or between states and a foreign government. The compact clause (Article I, Section 10, Clause 3) of the United States Constitution provides that “no state ,… Make an agreement or pact with another state or a foreign power ,…”[1] On November 13, California, Oregon and Washington made a joint travel recommendation to encourage residents to avoid non-negligible travel and to push people who arrived from other states to isolate themselves for 14 days. [10] [11] [4] ID. to 23-24. The U.S. Supreme Court often proposes that trial parties address conflicts through intergovernmental pacts, not litigation. Id. at 24. For example, the Interstate Mining Compact provides for the creation of a commission, with each state of the pact represented on the Commission by its governor. [54] The Commission can only intervene at a meeting at which the majority of these Commissioners or their substitutes are present and any measure is subject to the approval of a majority at the meeting.

In addition, specific measures, such as the adoption of certain recommendations on mining or the obtaining or elimination of funds, services or real estate, require the approval of the Commission by a majority of votes. [55] An intergovernmental pact is an agreement between or between two or more states of the United States. To be effective, it must be approved by the respective legislators of those states and, according to the purpose of the Covenant, approved by Congress. [70] Id. to 243. A detailed list of governance and operational issues to be addressed can be found in the provisions relating to an intergovernmental agency at the Council of State Governments, Pact Governance, above 45. Depending on the extent of the authority approved under the pact, it is also possible to include provisions allowing the intergovernmental authority to gather information, make policy recommendations, adopt and enforce external rules applicable to persons or activities under its jurisdiction and to rule on disputes. [71] Some Pacts also contain provisions that give the intergovernmental authority full additional authority that empowers the Agency to deal with circumstances that have not been explicitly enumerated in the Compact for the Promotion of Its Purposes. [72] The treaties between states that, after the independence of the United States in 1776, were ratified by the United States in 1789, are treated as interstate pacts. These include agreements such as the Beaufort Treaty, which established the georgia-South Carolina border in 1787 and is still in force. [61] Council of State Governments, A Guide to Development, Content and Format: Interstate Compacts, supra note 34, nr.