Nevertheless, the agreement sets parameters for how countries define their goals, how they measure progress, how they increase their goals over time, and how they communicate their efforts transparently. Together, these standards constitute the so-called Paris rules and it is the means by which countries will actually implement the agreement. A series of preparatory meetings for COP21 took place, including the Bonn climate change conference from 19 to 23 October 2015, at which a draft agreement was presented.  The Council adopted the decision on the ratification of the Paris Agreement by the EU. The decision will be tabled in the coming days with the Secretary-General of the United Nations. Eu ratification will come into force on the date the decision is tabled. At COP25, negotiators want to strengthen rules that will allow countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions individually and collectively. This year`s meeting will take place in Madrid, Spain, and comes at a time when global greenhouse gas emissions are at record levels and climate activists are more angry than ever at the lack of action. The agreement recognizes the role of non-partisan stakeholders in the fight against climate change, including cities, other sub-national authorities, civil society, the private sector and others. The Paris Agreement is the first legally binding universal global agreement on climate change adopted at the Paris Climate Change Conference (COP21) in December 2015. The conference negotiated the Paris Agreement, a comprehensive agreement on reducing climate change, the text of which was a consensus among the representatives of the 196 parties. The agreement will enter into force if at least 55 countries, which together account for at least 55% of global greenhouse gas emissions, are joined.   On April 22, 2016 (Earth Day), 174 countries signed the agreement in New York  and began to adopt it in their own legal systems (by ratification, acceptance, approval or membership). China, the world`s largest emitter, is facing ongoing protests in Hong Kong. And the United States, the world`s second-largest emitter of greenhouse gases, fully adheres to the Paris agreement. As soon as the European Parliament gives the go-ahead, the closing decision will be formally adopted by the Council. The EU will then be able to ratify the agreement. They also agreed on the organization of the “Talanoa” dialogue in 2018. It will provide space to assess the joint progress made next year at COP 24 in Poland to achieve long-term climate goals. There are also negotiations on setting common deadlines for the implementation of the Paris Agreement, namely setting the time horizon for emissions limiting commitments. A new global agreement on climate change was reached on 12 December. The agreement is a balanced outcome with an action plan to limit global warming to a level “significantly below” 2 degrees Celsius and to limit its efforts to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
Representatives of the Presidency of the Council and the European Commission have tabled the official ratification documents with the SECRETARy-general of the United Nations, who is the custodian of the agreement. This is what has made COP25 a large-scale negotiation to get the world on track, to avoid the most devastating consequences of climate change.